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SCC Decision: May 16, 2008

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R. v. D.B., 2008 SCC 25
Click here to link to the full judgment.
(Constitutional law / Charter / Youth Criminal Justice Act)
After pleading guilty to manslaughter, the Crown opposed efforts to have DB sentenced as a minor.  DB challenged the constitutionality of the Youth Criminal Justice Act which made manslaughter a "presumptive offence" for which an adult sentence would be imposed unless the offender convinces the court that an adult sentence should not be imposed.  The Court found that this reverse onus violated section 7 of the Charter, and allowed the trial judge's youth sentence to stand.
Majority/Dissent: 5/4